The development of type 2 diabetes in adolescence does tend to be dangerous, it can cause more serious disease complications such as retinopathy, nephropathy, and cardiovascular. Unfortunately in times or periods of the body being productive, teens even have to take drugs and limit their activities to control their blood sugar to stay stable. Therefore it is important to take preventative measures against adolescents in the following ways:
1. Maintaining an ideal body weight
Obesity is one of the main factors adolescents at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. If you feel your weight is excessive, you can reduce about 5-10% of your weight to reduce risk. Calorie and low-fat diets are highly recommended as the best way to lose weight and prevent diabetes.
2. Eat fruits and vegetables
By eating a variety of fruits and vegetables every day, you can reduce your risk of diabetes by 22%. This fact was taken according to the results of a 12-year diet study of 21,831 adults. The risk reduction is directly related to how many fruits and vegetables you consume every day.
3. Replace sugar with a low-calorie sweetener
A health data of 43,960 women showed that women who drank 2 or more sweet drinks a day (eg soda or juice) had a 25-30% higher risk of developing diabetes than others who did not drink it. If necessary, you can use low-calorie sweeteners that contain chromium to improve insulin function in the body. It will also help diabetics to control their blood sugar.
4. Actively exercising
To prevent diabetes in adolescents, try to exercise at least 30 minutes a day. This aims to maximize the achievement of targets for weight loss and to reduce your risk of developing diabetes. In addition, exercise can also reduce blood sugar levels and increase insulin levels in the body.